A lump in the testicles or scrotum with associated pain may be due to scrotal swelling. Scrotal swelling is the swelling of the scrotum – a sac that holds the testicles. Though some men are born with one or no testicles, that is usually a different medical condition.
Scrotum swelling may be spread all around the scrotum, or lumps may be seen in other places in the scrotum. Most times, scrotal swelling is not cancerous but may later become a tumour at a later time (this is in rare cases).
This condition is mainly detected when you touch them and may be painful or painless. Though this health condition can be frightening, most are highly treatable.
If you notice that you have any swelling in your scrotal region, it is necessary to have it checked by a doctor. Book an appointment online to speak with a doctor, and see how the specialist rules out the causes.
Lots of conditions can cause scrotal swelling. Some swelling can occur rapidly or slowly over time. Some of these potential causes include;
Scrotal swelling can result from the drop of the colon and large intestine through the opening in the abdomen into the scrotum (hernia). Read more about hernia HERE.
The collection of fluids in the scrotum is known as cysts. While some are small as pimples, others grow too large to cause discomfort and swelling.
When fluids accumulate around the testicles, hydrocele is said to have occurred. It can be formed from birth or later in life, but there is no clear evidence why it occurs during a lifetime.
It is possible that tumours can cause scrotal swelling, but it is rare anyway. You can even feel bulges in the scrotum due to the formation of cancer tumours.
If you’re a male and experience scrotum pain or swelling, speak to a doctor immediately. Even though the condition is rarely an emergency, if left untreated, you could get your testicles, scrotal blood vessels, or other vital structures within the scrotum injured.
Typically, the diagnosis of scrotal swelling begins with a physical examination. If you’ve spoken to a doctor and they are not sure of the issue, you may be prompted to get a scan or other imaging tests done.
Should a tumour be suspected, a biopsy may be done where a sample tissue is taken from the swollen area and detected under a microscope.