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Probiotics: What You Need To Know

Probiotics: What You Need To Know

The body is continually home to both healthy and dangerous microorganisms. If you have an infection, your body is thrown out of balance by the additional harmful germs. Now, to restore balance, further toxic bacteria are removed with the aid of healthy bacteria. Healthy bacteria can be added to your system by taking probiotic products. Probiotics are created from healthy living bacteria and/or yeast that exist biologically in the human body. 

Now, what are these probiotics? In this article, we will be discussing food probiotics, drug probiotics, and their benefits and storage.

What Are Probiotics?

Probiotics are living microbes that are designed to enhance one’s health whether taken orally or externally. They can be discovered in yoghurt as well as other fermented food products, nutritional supplements, and cosmetics.

Even though most people consider bacteria and other microbes to be destructive “contaminants,” lots of them are truly beneficial. Many bacteria aid in food digestion, eliminate disease-causing tissue or create vitamins. Numerous probiotic product bacteria are identical to or closely related to microorganisms found in the human body naturally.

How Do Probiotics Work?

It is understandable to wonder how this may be feasible given the wide range of positive health effects. How is it possible that taking particular bacteria as probiotics can have such a positive impact on our health? Our microbiome holds the key to this puzzle. 

Vast amounts of bacteria live on the epidermis, tongue, digestive system, and different parts of the body. These bacteria sometimes referred to as the human microbiome, are believed to have an impact on our brain, immunological, and metabolic systems. Our microbiome contains a variety of bacteria, some of which are proven to be beneficial to us whereas others are probably linked to or are believed to be harmful.

Some probiotics function by altering our microbiome. Probiotics have the ability to modify the production and function of bacteria in our microbiome. Research has demonstrated that even though the probiotics do not colonize for long durations, these alterations are still feasible. 

Also, changes to the human microbiome triggered by probiotics can have an impact on how well the microbiome influences organ function. For instance, certain probiotic strains of the bacteria Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus produce organic acids and antibacterial substances that prevent possible hazardous bacteria in the intestine that produce endotoxins from growing. Less of these toxic bacteria means less inflammation and less damage to the stability of the membrane.

Furthermore, immunological, endocrine, and epithelial cells also actively identify probiotics and the released metabolites or certain chemicals that they produce. When identified, a number of subsequent actions are triggered, such as the suppression of inflammatory reactions or the relief of digestive problems. Similar to alterations in the gut microbiome caused by probiotics, these direct impacts of probiotics may cause long-lasting modifications at the place at which they are given locally (for instance, the digestive system) and also other locations on the body.

Benefits Of Probiotics

More investigations support the assertions that probiotics have positive effects, such as improving intestinal health, enhancing the immune system, lowering blood cholesterol, and preventing cancer These strain-specific health characteristics are influenced by the numerous ways we’ve discussed above. The benefits are as follows: 

1. Maintaining a Healthy Balance

You are already aware that antibiotics can effectively treat bacterial illnesses, but consuming them excessively can harm your body’s healthy flora. Probiotics can allow your body to rebuild beneficial microorganisms after consuming antibiotics and may further assist in maintaining a healthy balance between good and bad bacteria. 

2. Treats Skin Conditions

Probiotics have advantages beyond internal health. According to investigations, probiotics may be able to assist people with skin conditions like acne, rosacea, and eczema regardless of whether they’re consumed orally or administered topically. 

However, further research is required, so consult your dermatologist prior to making any changes in your normal beauty regimen.

3. Boosts Immune System

They have been demonstrated to improve immunity by enhancing and replenishing the body’s healthy flora. 

Additionally, frequent consumption of probiotic-rich meals makes it simpler for your system to create the minerals and enzymes needed to maintain healthy intestines. Probiotics may be the immune system enhancer you’ve been searching for if you frequently fall sick. 

4. Relieves Urinary Tract Infections ( UTI)

They might lessen how frequently you feel UTI. Also, those microorganisms aid in reducing the unpleasant symptoms that frequently associate with UTIs when they eventually appear.

5. Relieves  Problems Associated With Digestion

Probiotics can also help to boost the well-being of your intestinal tract if you’re experiencing constipation or dysentery. Pick one with strains of Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bifidophilus bifidum, Lactobacillus sporogenes,  and Saccharomyces boulardii.

6. Boosts Fertility

Probiotics can help the difficult process of trying for a baby. This is because studies indicate that maintaining the right balance of specific probiotic strains can increase your chances of success.

7. Treats vaginal Infections 

Probiotics help protect against vaginal yeast infections, urogenital infections, and bacterial vaginosis by maintaining the stability of the vaginal microbiome.

 Furthermore, research has demonstrated that consuming daily doses of the Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Lactobacillus fermentum strains can enhance vaginal flora.

Probiotic Foods

The number of beneficial bacteria in your body can still be increased by consuming additional probiotic foods. Fermented foods like yoghurt, kombucha, and miso, are wonderful options because they have a lot of beneficial bacteria.

Also, while purchasing probiotic foods, look for the term “live and active cultures” on the package. Numerous bacteria strains, including the popular lactobacillus and bifidobacteria, are probiotics.

Two tablespoons of two distinct types of fermented foods should be consumed every day.

Probiotic foods are generally healthy for consumption. However,  immunodeficient individuals should exercise care when taking it. Also,  individuals with illnesses like dysbiosis or small intestine gastrointestinal infections might have discomfort, gas, and stomach pain and should consult their healthcare professional first.

So, it’s important that we discuss a few of the Probiotic foods.

1. Yoghurt

Yoghurt is considered one of the top sources of probiotics since it is prepared using milk that has been fermented by lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria. Both are good forms of bacteria. The significant calcium content is excellent for the bones too.

 2. Greek yoghurt

Greek yoghurt is created by filtering normal yoghurt. It is also rich in probiotics and has much more protein and fewer carbohydrates and calories than most forms of yoghurt.

3. Bananas

Bananas that are just a bit unripe are a great supply of prebiotics which support the development of good probiotics.

4. Garlic

 Garlic is a flavorful and adaptable vegetable that further acts as a prebiotic food, promoting the growth of the beneficial probiotic bifidobacteria in the gut. This aids in preventing diseases.

5. Onions

Onions, which are high in dietary fibre and prebiotics, support the development of good bacteria in the gut.

Probiotics Drugs

1. VSL#3

Generic Names: Bifidobacterium, lactobacillus, and streptococcus. 

This probiotic supplement called VSL#3 serves as a “beneficial bacteria” to keep the digestive system functioning.

It is possible to get VSL#3 in the form of a chewable pill, capsule, tablet, or powder. Avoid using multiple formulations simultaneously without consulting a physician. Conditions managed with VSL#3 are Irritable bowel syndrome and  gastrointestinal disorders

2. Florastor Kids

Scientific Name: saccharomyces boulardii

In conventional medicine, Florastor Kids is helpful in reducing diarrhoea induced by the use of a feeding tube or consuming antibiotics. The treatment of infant and pediatric diarrhoea with this medication is successful.

Using Florastor Kids may help to successfully stop diarrhoea induced by Clostridium difficile from occurring again. However, it’s possible that this medicine won’t work to cure the initial cases of this kind of diarrhoea. 

Additionally, this medication may be helpful in treating abdominal ulcers induced by Helicobacter pylori, “traveller’s diarrhoea,” and diarrhoea in HIV-positive individuals.

3. Health and Wellness Culturelle

Scientific Name: Lactobacillus rhamnosus 

In alternate medicine, Culturelle Health and Wellness is employed as a potentially beneficial treatment or preventative measure for rotavirus-induced diarrhoea in infants and young children.

Additionally, this substance has been tried as a potential treatment for infant colic and to avoid kids’ diarrhoea from happening when on antibiotics.

Other probiotic drugs include BD Latinx, Dofus, and Flora-Q.


Due to their fragility, it is important to shield probiotic microorganisms from heat, gas, light, and moisture. When probiotics are introduced to such things, they may begin to degrade or even die. As a result, you might be required to preserve your probiotics somewhere specific or in the refrigerator. 

Some probiotic strains can be kept in the refrigerator to make sure they remain alive whenever you need them and continue to deliver the maximum probiotic benefits. Constantly check the instructions on every probiotic product you buy to ensure proper storage and usage before the item’s expiry date. It is advisable you let your doctor guide you.

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